R.J. Blumenschine, C.R. Peters, F.T. Masao, R.L. Clarke, A.L. Deino, R.L. Hay, C.C. Swisher , I.G. Stanistreet, G.M. Ashley, L.J. McHenry, N.E. Sikes, N.J. van der Merwe, J.C. Tactikos, A.E. Cushing, D.M. Deocampo, J.K Njau, and J.I Ebert. Late Pliocene Homo and hominid land use from western Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Science, 299, 1217-1221.
Topics: Paleoanthropology, taphonomy, zooarchaeology
My interests lie in the evolution of human behavior, particularly the dietary and subsistence behavior of our early stone-tool-using ancestors. I have conducted zooarchaeological and taphonic research in India and throughout sub-Saharan Africa, focusing since 1983 on the Serengeti region of northern Tanzania. One thrust of my research uses wildlife studies to help decode the hominid behavioral signal contained in fragmented animal bones found at two million year old archaeological localities in East and South Africa. My long-term observations on the food remains at large carnivore kills in the Serengeti, and of ecological factors that affect competition for carcass foods, suggest that human behavioral origins may owe more to a scavenging way of life than to hunting. Recent analyses of early archaeological bone assemblages from Olduvai Gorge also suggest that scavenging was the dominant means by which early members of the genus Homo acquired the nutricious foods of animals found at this locality.
Since 1989, my main research efforts have gone toward co-directing archaeological research at Olduvai Gorge with Dr. Fidelis Masao one of Tanzania's senior prehistoric archaeologists(
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